B a c k g r o u n d

Established in accordance with the Economic Development Policy the Kingdom of Bhutan 2010, Bhutan Power System Operator (BPSO) is entrusted to coordinate and regulate power system operation and outages and manage/monitor export and import of power in an optimal manner for overall reliability and security of electricity supply system of the nation.

Initially known as the National Load Dispatch Centre (NLDC), BPSO was inaugurated by Hon'ble Lyonpo Yeshi Zimba on 17th December 2011, coinciding with the National Day of Bhutan and licensed by Bhutan Electricity Authority (BEA) on 1st July 2014, coinciding with the Bhutan Power Corporation (BPC) Day for the operation of Bhutan power system as the Power System Operator. Requirement of System Operator is as stipulated by Electricity Act.

From 1st July 2022, BPSO got de-linked from BPC and placed under Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MoENR). However, it functions like before with main control centre (NLDC) at Thimphu, backup Control Centre at Malbase (Western Data Centre) substation, Phuentsholing and Eastern Data Centre (EDC) at Tintibi substation.

In consonance with the System Operator Charges Regulation 2022, issued by Electricity Regulatory Authority, the charges/costs of BPSO are shared equally between the Druk Green Power Corporation Limited and BPC.

After a brief hiatus, BPSO is now re-licensed by Electricity Regulatory Authority to be a Power System Operator in Bhutan.

From System Coordinator to System Operator to NLDC to BPSO to Office of the BPSO to finally BPSO, it is now established to be a national Power System Operator.

Roles and Responsibilities

Ensuring safety and stability of the grid.

Instantaneous balance between generation and consumption of electricity.

Non-discriminatory dispatch of generation installations.

Leading and coordinating transmission/generation outages and black starts.

Monitoring power system performance and ensuring compliance to the grid standards and codes for quality of power supply.

Integrated operation of national grid with neighbouring countries to facilitate the smooth export and import of electricity.

Scheduling of electricity within the country and across the border.

Forecasting of block-wise generation requirements and national loads on day ahead basis.

Maintaining and furnishing power data to the Ministry as and when required.

Performing such other functions for matters related to energy security concerns as may be prescribed by the Ministry.

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